Operations Buzz

Taking Stock of Carbon Footprints: A Visual Journey

June 28th, 2013

by Ram Ganeshan

President Obama, on June 25th, laying out America’s climate policy for the future said:

“So the question now is whether we will have the courage to act before it’s too late. And how we answer will have a profound impact on the world that we leave behind not just to you, but to your children and to your grandchildren. As a President, as a father, and as an American, I’m here to say we need to act.”

This post is about taking stock of carbon footprint of things big and small – countries, cities, industrial sectors, firms, products, and supply chains. Through an interactive visual, you can get a sense of carbon footprints of things big or small.


Amoxicillin For Sale

January 8th, 2012

by Ram Ganeshan

Amoxicillin For Sale, Tarun Bangari is Founder & CEO, JantaKhoj InfoServices Pvt Ltd.  JantaKhoj (translates to “people search” in Hindi) provides the first and the largest people search portal in India, offering people search and background check services to businesses and individuals.

He talks about how JantaKhoj got started, challenges he faces, and his typical workday, Amoxicillin natural.

In addition to his CEO role, Tarun also manages product management, Order Amoxicillin no prescription, marketing and sales. Prior to founding JantaKhoj, Tarun has worked in various leadership roles in software development, consulting, kjøpe Amoxicillin på nett, köpa Amoxicillin online, product management, sales, Amoxicillin blogs, and marketing. Tarun has PGDM/MBA from Indian Institute of Management Calcutta and B.Tech from IIT-BHU Varanasi.

Q: How did JantaKhoj get started, Amoxicillin For Sale. What is your value proposition to your clients.

In early 2009, cheap Amoxicillin no rx, I had just quit my earlier job as Vice President of Sales & Marketing at netXccel and was debating whether I should reenter the job market or try my hand at entrepreneurship. I connected with Ajit Gupta, Amoxicillin overnight, a serial entrepreneur and ex-CEO of Speedera, where I had been a product manager. We looked at various business ideas and eventually narrowed down on people search and background verifications portal. Amoxicillin For Sale, This was an underserved area in India and we thought we can create something new and exciting. We did further market analysis and eventually incubated the start-up in June 2009, Amoxicillin no rx, after expanding the team with Head-Engineering and Head-Verifications.

We provide the first and the largest people search portal on Indians, Amoxicillin dosage, covering more than 500 million individuals, that is around 40% of the entire Indian population. Additionally, we aim to provide more detailed background checks, online buy Amoxicillin without a prescription, using online and offline approaches, to individuals and businesses, My Amoxicillin experience, at a reasonable price.

Q: What are the major challenges of verifying someone’s identity and background in India.

The biggest challenge historically has been the lack of centralized databases for identity and background checks, Amoxicillin For Sale. The ambitious, Aadhar Project (National UID Project of India) which is already in the roll-out stage, Amoxicillin reviews, aims to provide a comprehensive one stop shop for verifying identity. There are two more projects (Home ministry sponsored Crime and Criminal Tracking Network & Systems and Education ministry led National Academic Depository) which aim to create nationwide centralized databases for all police records and education certificates respectively. Amoxicillin pharmacy, Till the time, these initiatives are fully rolled out, we have to rely on physical trips to police offices and universities to check the records. Additionally, australia, uk, us, usa, address checks will still require a physical trip. Amoxicillin For Sale, Employment and reference checks still need to be done through phone, email or a site visit.

Q: What are the operational challenges of physical lookups. Amoxicillin without a prescription, Do you need contract workers all over India that do it for you. Do you have multiple layers of verification.

The sheer size of India presents great operational challenges in physical lookups. It is economically unviable for a single entity to have its own workers all over the country, Amoxicillin For Sale. So we have a set of trusted vendors who help us in expanding our physical reach, purchase Amoxicillin online no prescription. We do not have multiple layers of verification as such, but periodically we do audits and counter-checks to ensure that the quality and reliability of checks remains impeccable. Fast shipping Amoxicillin, Q: How is being an entrepreneur in India different from the US where you have worked before.

This will not be a fair comparison as when I was in US, I was working as an employee with H1-B visa in a consulting firm. Amoxicillin For Sale, So my options were somewhat limited and also at that point of time, even though earlier I had done my MBA from IIM Calcutta, I still had very little marketing and sales experience. After the US stint, Amoxicillin canada, mexico, india, I joined Speedera Networks as a product manager in their Bangalore center and continued working in the area of marketing even after Akamai acquired Speedera. This gave me a deep understanding of marketing, Amoxicillin price, coupon, pre-sales, customer interactions and Internet based industries. And over these years, India has continued to emerge as a great opportunity for first time entrepreneurs like me, buy Amoxicillin without a prescription. More and more folks are now considering entrepreneurship as a calling and these are indeed very exciting times.

Q: Any words of advice for budding entrepreneurs in India, Amoxicillin For Sale.

Being a first time entrepreneur, Doses Amoxicillin work, I think I cannot hand out any ‘advice’ to budding entrepreneurs as I myself am learning every day. A few points for consideration would be:

  • Ensure that you have some financial cover personally. You may not see salary or surplus cash for quite some time!

  • Don’t be afraid. Take the jump, purchase Amoxicillin. Amoxicillin For Sale, The journey is worth it irrespective of eventual success or failure. Either way, you will learn infinitely more than in a regular job.

  • Validate your business ideas sooner than later. Order Amoxicillin online c.o.d, Learn fast from market. Change course faster.

  • Try to hit positive cash flow as soon as possible. In fact, one of the strategic advisors of JantaKhoj went to the extent of recommending being cash flow positive right from Day 1 of the business (unfortunately, Amoxicillin steet value, we were not able to meet his advice)!

A day in the life:

6:30 -  My four and a half year old son is our ‘natural’ alarm clock. The day begins when he moves in to our bedroom in the morning and shares a few minutes of cuddling with me and my wife, Amoxicillin For Sale. As I help in getting him ready for the school, Amoxicillin wiki, I quickly check the emails and messages on my smartphone. Online order confirmation emails are always a pleasure to see right in the morning. I also keep an eye on any customer service related emails which I need to escalate to either engineering or customer service team members.

7:30 - After having my son board his school bus, Amoxicillin cost, I am out for around one hour of morning exercise (outdoor brisk walking or swimming on alternate days). Amoxicillin For Sale, Invariably my thoughts meander around various aspects of the business – how is the working capital situation, how is the website traffic doing, how to close a particularly large B2B deal, is the PPC campaign really holding up well, is the Facebook presence helping with B2B prospects too.

9:45 - I drive over and reach my office. Generic Amoxicillin, A few of the team members are already in. If there is any significant update, they will share it immediately with me. But on most days, ordering Amoxicillin online, I settle down and update/review the task list for the day. Next I review the emails in detail and try to respond to them or forward them to suitable owners with team, Amoxicillin For Sale. I do some other quick and regular checks – Google Analytics for website traffic stats, Online buying Amoxicillin hcl, AdWords campaigns progress, AdSense earnings, our Facebook page, company’s Twitter account, rx free Amoxicillin, CRM dashboard for any alerts/reminders. More importantly, Amoxicillin description, I check the offline chat messages which may have come in overnight and either respond to them myself or forward to the suitable owner within team. I try to close the most important tasks/action items in the pre-lunch part of the day. While I cannot fully control the time for customer meetings, still to the extent possible, where can i buy Amoxicillin online, I try to schedule them in the first half of the day – the earlier slots work best.

1:00 Amoxicillin For Sale, - I prefer to take packed lunch from home as it turns out to be more healthy and time-saving. I have my lunch with my core team and more often than not, Amoxicillin images, we continue discussing and brainstorming over lunch. Post lunch, I may take a stroll to our bank branch to submit customer payment cheques or any other required paperwork.

2:00 – I review the various marketing campaigns and B2B sales pipeline, Amoxicillin results. Every couple of days, I have one-on-one discussions with my sales team members to do a pipeline and leads review, Buy Amoxicillin online cod, and to see what we can do to accelerate these deals further.

4:00 – I may have a discussion with the engineering team to see how our new initiatives and existing upgrades are going on, Amoxicillin For Sale. Else I may keep on working on customer service issues and interacting with Verifications team to check the status of various verification cases.

6:30 – I head back home. After changing and settling down, buy Amoxicillin from canada, I spend some time catching up with my wife and with my son, either watching/helping him draw or just watching cartoons on TV. Where can i buy cheapest Amoxicillin online, 7:30 – We generally have an early dinner, after which I clean up and load the dishwasher. I then put my son to bed at around 8:30 while reading a story (or occasionally a ‘story-a-thon’ if we have extra time!)

9:00 Amoxicillin For Sale, – My wife and I go out for a brief stroll in which we exchange detailed daily notes and other interesting news items from work or otherwise. We watch the TV for some time.

10:00 – Quite often, comprar en línea Amoxicillin, comprar Amoxicillin baratos, I come back to my laptop for a final daily summary session – evaluating how the day went off for JantaKhoj, what we can do better tomorrow. Amoxicillin for sale, Occasionally, I use this slot to do further web-based research on specific topics, markets, competitors, japan, craiglist, ebay, overseas, paypal.

About JantaKhoj

JantaKhoj (translates to “people search” in Hindi) provides the first and the largest people search portal in India, offering people search and background check services to businesses and individuals. Amoxicillin dangers, Its tagline, ‘Search People, Research Background’, precisely describes its areas of service. JantaKhoj provides employee background verification services that enable businesses to verify credentials including address, references, education, employment and criminal history. JantaKhoj also enables people to conduct matrimonial, tenant, driver and domestic help verification among others.

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Buy Amoxicillin Without Prescription

May 14th, 2011

by Ram Ganeshan

Buy Amoxicillin Without Prescription, H. Thomas Watkins is the CEO of Human Genome Sciences Inc (HGS). HGS exists to place new therapies into the hands of those battling serious disease. On March 9, 2011, the FDA approved BENLYSTA, Amoxicillin brand name, a specialized drug to treat Lupus.

He talks about leadership and operational challenges of becoming a fully commercial biopharmaceutical company.

Read and Enjoy, Buy Amoxicillin Without Prescription.

About Tom Watkins

H. Thomas Watkins joined HGS as Chief Executive Officer and a Director in December 2004, Amoxicillin gel, ointment, cream, pill, spray, continuous-release, extended-release, and was also named President in December 2005. Mr. Watkins came to HGS with nearly twenty years of experience at Abbott Laboratories and its affiliates in the U.S. Buy Amoxicillin Without Prescription, and Asia. He joined Abbott in 1985 and held various executive positions in the Pharmaceutical Products Division, Diagnostics Division and Health Systems Division prior to serving as President of TAP Pharmaceutical Products, Inc., after Amoxicillin, from 1998 to 2004. Mr. Watkins began his career in 1974 with Arthur Andersen & Co., and was a management consultant with McKinsey and Company, Amoxicillin mg, Inc., from 1979 to 1985. Mr. Watkins holds a bachelor’s degree from the College of William and Mary, and a master’s degree in business administration from the University of Chicago Graduate School of Business, Buy Amoxicillin Without Prescription. He is a member of the Board of Directors of Vanda Pharmaceuticals, Inc., the Biotechnology Industry Organization (BIO), what is Amoxicillin, the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, and the National Symphony Orchestra. Mr. Amoxicillin used for, Watkins currently serves as Chair of the Life Sciences Advisory Board of the State of Maryland.

Following is a condensed version of Professor Ram Ganeshan’s Buy Amoxicillin Without Prescription, (RG) conversation with Tom Watkins (TW).

RG: Can you tell us how the Business Model at HGS has evolved over the years.

TW: HGS founded in 1992 and went public in 1993. I’ve been with the company since 2004. The business model we were following in the late nineties was research and discovery of drug candidates based on genomic discovery techniques. The idea was to do a Phase I clinical trial and then potentially out-license this large body of drugs to a number of companies, partner to develop them, Buy Amoxicillin Without Prescription.

RG: You are now…

TW: We are now a classic biologics drug developer, buy Amoxicillin without prescription, manufacturer, and commercialization company. Pretty much got out of the research, the raw discovery business. Amoxicillin long term, Biotech companies have found, since the market crashed in 2000-01, that if you start in the research or discovery end of the business and forward integrate into development, manufacturing, and commercialization, you are going to run out of money, effects of Amoxicillin. So you have got to make some choices. Buy Amoxicillin Without Prescription, We found that we had to wind down or significantly cut back the research operation with the objective of taking a few drug candidates all the way through clinical trials to commercialization to see if we could get anything on the market.

We had at one time, 400 people in research in the company. Now we have about 50. Amoxicillin without prescription, We now have a strong development group that manages the clinical studies for the drugs through Phase I, Phase II, and Phase III. Over the years we’ve shifted the skill set from early stage research to the later stages of drug development and manufacturing. So I’d say the core strengths of the company are clinical development, manufacturing, and increasingly commercialization, Buy Amoxicillin Without Prescription. We just built our first sales force in the last in 6 or 7 months for marketing the lupus drug BENLYSTA. We’ll actually co-market it with Glaxo Smith Kline (GSK) -- they’ll handle about half of the commercialization in the US, where to buy Amoxicillin.

RG: You co-market BENLYSTA with GSK – how is that working.

TW: I think it is working pretty well. Buy Amoxicillin Without Prescription, The challenge is marketing a specialty drug – a new one in over 60 years -- that's going to rheumatologists to treat a particular condition, Lupus. Although GSK has big commercial resources, in this particular area -- rheumatology -- they are limited. Is Amoxicillin safe, I think the nature of the challenge is to leverage their experience in areas that they already know well, like selling to manage care, while we are both learning how to call on doctors in this particular area.

Until recently we have never manufactured to commercial standards. GSK does not have a big biologics commercial manufacturing organization. Its relatively small, they do a lot of small molecule pill, tablet, and capsule manufacturing, so we feel like we’re pretty good there, Buy Amoxicillin Without Prescription. In Europe, Amoxicillin class, why are we building an organization in three countries when they’ve already got it. More of a strategic reason -- our company will hopefully have products beyond this one and this partnership allows us to get a little of a foothold in those countries.

RG: Tell us a little bit about your supply chain…

TW: Biologic drugs are living cells. They are either IV’s or injectable, Order Amoxicillin from United States pharmacy, you cannot put them in a capsule or a pill. Buy Amoxicillin Without Prescription, We make the bulk drug which comes out as a powder, send it off to a contract manufacturer in Kansas that does a fill finish which is pretty standard in our industry. And then they send it to a distribution channel some of which Glaxo Smith Kline (GSK) runs.

RG: So the bulk drug is the end product for you.

TW: the bulk drug is the end product for us.

RG: Meaning you actually sell that bulk drug before it’s packaged.

TW: No we transfer, the contract manufacturer does it under our control, Buy Amoxicillin Without Prescription. They package it and we still own the inventory and then we sell it to the distribution chain, online Amoxicillin without a prescription. It is not technically sold until it goes to a wholesaler or distributor. So even going into the GSK warehouse it is still under our general control.

RG: Your commercial organization then creates the demand. Buy Amoxicillin Without Prescription, TW: We would distribute through the distributor or a specialized wholesaler. These are drugs that are infused in the doctor’s office. Where to buy Amoxicillin, So our reps are going to a rheumatologist, creating the need and then they order it from the special wholesaler.

RG: What about the supply side, how do you get your raw materials.

TW: Commercial suppliers of media and other components manage all that.

TW: So your core competence would be the process to make the drug, Buy Amoxicillin Without Prescription.

TW: Yes, buy Amoxicillin without a prescription. Our process development organization works closely with the manufacturing to make sure the process is optimized, consistent and that proper procedures are followed.

RG: What is the biggest challenge operationally. How would you go from discovering a new drug to mass-producing it. Buy Amoxicillin Without Prescription, TW: Two things, you have to ramp up the quantities that you are making. Amoxicillin pharmacy, During clinical trials the doses are small, maybe 1600 liters. The manufacturing scale we are making now is 20,000 liters, so you have to scale it up and make sure yields remain very high.

Second, get Amoxicillin, we have to be consistent -- because a batch of 20,000 liters, costs you a million dollars, you cannot lose a batch. Order Amoxicillin online c.o.d, Since the plant has to be inspected by the FDA and they look at all process records, you can’t tweak the process during the course of manufacturing.

RG: How do you match supply and demand, Buy Amoxicillin Without Prescription.

TW: The cycle time for a single batch is 6 months. For BENLYSTA, we got results from the final clinical trials in July of 2009 and November of 2009. In July 2009, my Amoxicillin experience, it was very clear that the drug was going to be successful. So we started manufacturing it 24/7 -- took our facility and ramped it up to 3 shifts. Buy Amoxicillin Without Prescription, And that was in August and September of 2009, 18 months before we were selling the product. So we took risks there. The second thing we did last July, Amoxicillin without a prescription, recognizing how big the demand was likely to be, we went out and signed with a major contract supplier so we would have back up capacity by the middle of 2012.

RG: Can this product be in inventory.

TW: Yes, it has a shelf life of several years at the bulk stage. Once you fill it goes down a little bit, Buy Amoxicillin Without Prescription. But it is a pretty long life, where can i buy Amoxicillin online.

RG: So the risk of making too much is you just hold it.

TW: Right.

RG: How do you decide on the portfolio of drugs. Buy Amoxicillin Without Prescription, TW: It is an interesting but not always perfect process. We go through a regular portfolio review of, What is Amoxicillin, at all stages, drugs that are pre-clinical where we haven’t put them into human trials.

Back in the nineties, back in our early research days, we found and discovered many genomic targets which are little pieces of cell matter that appear to be implicated in some disease process, usually cancer or immunology, Amoxicillin used for. Back in 2005 when we slowed down the research area a lot of those targets were put in the freezer and we stopped the work. In 2008, we’ve gone back on a limited basis and identified about 50 of those we’d like to develop further. So we have got a group of 50 and we are going down sequentially the ones we think are the highest priority, Buy Amoxicillin Without Prescription. That’s way early in the process. Fast shipping Amoxicillin, Those will not be drugs on the market until 2020. There are other drug candidates that are in Phase I or Phase II clinical trials that we just keep monitoring. When we get to the end of a trial and the data looks good, we take it to the next stage. Buy Amoxicillin Without Prescription, If it does not, we kill it.

You have to figure out a low risk, low cost way to go to the next level, purchase Amoxicillin online. We don’t just look at them internally; we put them through rigorous peer reviews on the outside. We’ll empower a group of scientific experts in a particular therapeutic class, call them expert panels, bring them in for 2 days to scrutinize the data to see if it is worth moving forward. Amoxicillin price, coupon, We’ll go to our Board with a number of scientific experts and they’ll chew it over. So the decision to go to the next phase of development is a big decision, Buy Amoxicillin Without Prescription. You sort of bet the company.

The other major drug program we had when the Lupus drug was coming along, was called Zalbin. It was a Hepatitis C drug we got through Phase III and submitted it to the FDA and it never got approved. So we spent hundreds of millions of dollars on it, Amoxicillin dosage. Buy Amoxicillin Without Prescription, RG: So they didn’t like the results.

TW: Yes, there was concern. You have to prove two things in clinical trials. You have to prove that the drug is effective and safe. Cheap Amoxicillin, And it’s a tradeoff. The higher the efficacy the more likely it will have side effects, Buy Amoxicillin Without Prescription. On the other hand, the lower the efficacy is, relative to existing therapies, you better have an excellent safety profile. This drug had good efficacy, Amoxicillin natural, not that much better than what was out there, but the FDA had concerns that there were some pulmonary side effects. They were not willing to put it on the market. And that is the tradeoff they have to make. Buy Amoxicillin Without Prescription, We disagree but at the end of the day we decided it’s not worth investing more. Online buying Amoxicillin, So it’s a very high-risk business, at every stage of the process your costs go up roughly by an order of magnitude. For this lupus drug we spent $300 million dollars in just the last phase of development between 2006 and 2009 and GSK spent the same amount. So $600 million was spent just in the last three years. The motto in our business is if you’re going to kill a program, kill it early, Amoxicillin no rx. And the temptation of everybody in the science, in our company, any company, is to do one more trial…

RG: But by the time you spent the 300 million dollars, you knew it was going to be a success, right, Buy Amoxicillin Without Prescription.

TW: Well, for the lupus drug, Wall Street thought it had a very low likelihood of success because we failed to reach the endpoint of Phase II trials and because no other lupus drug had been successful for a long time. The only reason they let us do it was because the Hepatitis C program sitting next to it was viewed as highly likely. Amoxicillin results, It turned out to be exactly the opposite. So you don’t always know, you have to make risk decisions with the best information you have. Buy Amoxicillin Without Prescription, Our logic was, we took these two programs into Phase III, they’d been there about a year, and we said we’re betting the company on these two programs. If one of them succeeds we’ll be fine, highly successful. If neither one them succeeds, australia, uk, us, usa, we’ll have to reboot the company around something different.

RG: That’s what I was thinking, it’s almost like you’re betting the company.

TW: But that is what you do in the business when you’re starting, Amoxicillin recreational, which we were. You have a lot of cash but you’re betting, Buy Amoxicillin Without Prescription. We had to shut down a lot of little programs to bet on a few. So it is a very interesting, high-risk business. People always ask why do drugs cost so much. And I say two things they don’t want to hear: you put investor capital at very high risk in this business, order Amoxicillin from mexican pharmacy, so when you succeed your investors expect to be paid back at high returns. Buy Amoxicillin Without Prescription, And the second is it takes hundreds of millions of dollars and 10,12, 15 years to get a drug from the beginning to the end.

RG: What has been your biggest leadership challenge.

TW: When I got to HGS, it was transforming from being basically an extremely high quality science company to a business. Discount Amoxicillin, Projects were funded on the basis on science and not on revenue potential. So we killed many projects -- really good science -- but it wasn’t clear we could make any money on them. And that was sort of cold water on an organization that had really developed good capabilities, Buy Amoxicillin Without Prescription. So my first year and half of the company you either loved what we were doing or your hated it depending on where you came from. Our turnover hit 35%. About half the senior management team changed and so did three quarters of the board, but that’s what we knew we had to do, Amoxicillin steet value.

Then when clinical results started coming out it was managing Wall Street’s perception. Buy Amoxicillin Without Prescription, We were a $10 dollar stock priced company for a couple of years then we went to $0.52 at one point, then we went to $20, now we are about $28 a share. So the challenge was to manage these enormous swings in the perception of what the company’s prospects were, in a fairly short amount of time. This was all overlaid with the financial crisis at about the same time. Amoxicillin over the counter, It was hard to keep the team together, it was hard to keep employees focused and tell Wall Street that we were on track.

The challenge recently has been managing down the euphoria, because BENLYSTA since 2009 has been perceived to be an enormous drug. And then your team starts to worry that expectations are so high that we can’t make any mistakes, Buy Amoxicillin Without Prescription. And no team performs well when they’re that way. You got to say relax, do your best; we’re going to have some results that are not perfect. So there’s been a lot to keep us busy. But it’s fun, it’s exciting people, it’s innovation. Buy Amoxicillin Without Prescription, I think keeping your heads about you the whole time is the most important thing, keeping a balance, not going off the deep end.

About Human Genome Sciences, Inc

Human Genome Sciences, Inc. is a biopharmaceutical company that exists to place new therapies into the hands of those battling serious disease. Their lead products in development are BENLYSTA (belimumab) for systemic lupus erythematosus (“SLE”) and raxibacumab for inhalation anthrax.

Contact: Ram.Ganeshan[at]mason.wm.edu or RamGaneshan on Twitter.

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Zithromax For Sale

January 18th, 2011

by Ram Ganeshan

I recently flew Southwest Zithromax For Sale, from Baltimore to LaGuardia to meet up with a few friends in Queens, NY (the little less than the $100 for a one-way fare was cheaper, and the 40-minute flight faster than the Acela). The flight was barely half full, Zithromax coupon. Japan, craiglist, ebay, overseas, paypal, I was convinced Southwest was losing money on this flight especially with the cabin seemingly full of tourists likely paying “web only” $100 fares like myself. Really, Zithromax samples. Low dose Zithromax, What my research uncovered surprised me.

How much does it cost the world’s major airlines to fly a passenger a mile, Zithromax For Sale. How much money do they make from that passenger, generic Zithromax. Zithromax pictures, How full are their planes. Read on…

A little primer on airline economics.

Available Seat Miles (ASM): It is simply the number of seats multiplied by the distance they travel, Zithromax treatment. Zithromax wiki, So in a sense this is the capacity of the airline. Zithromax For Sale, The ASM on Southwest’s 137-seat Boeing 737 aircraft from Baltimore (BWI) to LaGuardia (LGA) – a 185-mile distance – is 137 x 185  = 25,345 seat-miles.

Revenue Passenger Miles (RPM): It is the number of passengers multiplied by the distance, Zithromax trusted pharmacy reviews. Zithromax dose, For the BWI-LGA leg above if 100 people traveled on the leg, then the RPM for the flight is 100 x 185 = 18, order Zithromax from United States pharmacy, Online buy Zithromax without a prescription, 500 passenger miles.

Load Factor: It is the ratio of RPM to ASM – on average tells you how “full” the planes are, Zithromax price. Zithromax maximum dosage, For the BWI-LGA leg example above, the load factor is 18, Zithromax for sale, Zithromax images, 500/25,345 = 72.9%, cheap Zithromax no rx.

Airlines typically report these operating numbers on a yearly basis, Zithromax For Sale. Zithromax description, Southwest in 2009 had a capacity of 98,001.55 million seat-miles and a RPM of 74, taking Zithromax, Buy Zithromax online cod, 456.71 million passenger miles, yielding a load factor of 76%, where can i cheapest Zithromax online. Online buying Zithromax hcl, The following graphic plots the profit/loss of the airline against the load-factor (See Note 1).  Its interactive – mouse over/click on the graph to learn more, buy generic Zithromax. Zithromax without prescription, …more text after the graphic

Surprise, ordering Zithromax online. Zithromax For Sale, Surprise. Zithromax duration, Seems like airlines are equally likely to make a profit or a loss even if they are flying with high load factors. One way to think about this is to compute the cost and revenue of moving a seat a mile, order Zithromax no prescription. Zithromax online cod, The Cost per ASM (CASM) is simply the operating costs divided by the total ASM. Total Revenue per ASM (TRASM or RASM) is the revenue of moving a seat a mile – the total revenue divided by the total ASM, Zithromax from mexico. If TRASM is greater than CASM, the airline is making money moving a seat a mile, Zithromax For Sale. Where can i buy cheapest Zithromax online, The graphic above also shows the TRASM and CASM of some of the major airlines in the world. “The Gap” is the difference between the TRASM and the CASM, real brand Zithromax online. Kjøpe Zithromax på nett, köpa Zithromax online, If it is negative, the airline is making a loss, purchase Zithromax for sale. Zithromax mg, Filling the gap

For a given route network, increasing revenue comes down to increasing RPM (or load factor) and increasing “passenger yield” or the revenue per RPM (See Note 2), rx free Zithromax. Zithromax For Sale, Easier said than done – it involves the difficult task of managing the complex relationship between price, demand, capacity (ASM), and customer ticket-buying behavior. Zithromax long term, For example, on the BWI-LGA flight, Zithromax class, Buy Zithromax without prescription, the lowest price  (three weeks out) I could find on Southwest 5015 was a “Wanna Get Away” fare of $64, or about 34.59 cents to a mile. Southwest spends 10.29 cents a mile to move a seat so they are making 24.30 cents a mile even on a passenger paying the lowest fare. Even if everybody on the plane paid $64, they only have to fill a third of the plane to breakeven.  With many of its passengers paying the $178 “Anytime” fare and the $193 “Business Select” fare, an average 76% full flight is doing very well.

On the other hand, the cheapest fare on Southwest 3701 from Providence (PVD) to Las Vegas (LAV), a distance of 2363 miles, was $169 or 7.15 cents a mile, Zithromax For Sale. Southwest is actually losing 3.13 cents on each mile this passenger travels.  Even on a full flight, Southwest needs one in three passengers to pay the  $469 “Anytime” fare or the $493 “Business Select” fare just to breakeven. So managing yield is a delicate dance between passenger demand, how much passengers are paying, how far they are travelling, and how full the aircraft is.

The other side of the profit equation is cost containment. The airline business has high fixed costs – you have to lease planes, secure landing rights, pay the crew, etc. Zithromax For Sale, Revenue is generated only when planes are in the air so the strategy to reduce the cost per seat mile is to run a “lean” and efficient airline without compromising service or safety. Allegiant Air’s cheap but profitable strategy is to run infrequent flights from small towns to big tourist destinations in easy to maintain MD-80 aircraft. Southwest’s quick turnaround times – as much as 30 minutes faster than other airlines –saves them from leasing extra planes (See Note 3). We have all seen the self-check kiosks, vanishing leg-room (=more seats), and the lack of food service even on certain long-haul flights -- all trying to bring down CASM.

Next time you fly, find out how much you are paying per mile and compare it how much it costs the airline to fly you a mile to see if you have got yourself a deal. My $100 flight from BWI-LGA was not much of a deal was it, Zithromax For Sale. That $169 fare on Southwest 3701 – a killer deal, I’d say.

Contact: Ram Ganeshan via ram.ganeshan[at]mason.wm.edu or @RamGaneshan on Twitter

Shoumya Pradhan contributed to research for this post.


1. Data Sources: Company 10K, 20F, Annual reports; BTS; World Airline Report. Zithromax For Sale, Data is from 2009.

2. In addition to increasing traffic (RPM) and managing yield, there are other – often maligned -- revenue streams called “ancillary fees” like change of reservation or baggage fees (Delta raked in $681 million in fees just in the 2nd Quarter of 2010!) that will increase the revenue per passenger on any flight.

3. In 2009, Southwest had 2546 turnarounds everyday. 30 minutes saved on one of them is 1723 hours of extra flight time per day compared to other “legacy” airlines. Means fewer planes, more money.

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Operations Buzz is a resource that explores what it takes to run smart and sustainable business operations. Thought leaders, articles, and visuals add to the knowledge base. Professor Ram Ganeshan of the Mason School of Business at the College of William and Mary edits this site.